Adopted June 7, 2013; amended and restated December 7, 2023

The Board of Directors (the “Board”) of Liberty Global Ltd. (the “Company”) has adopted these Corporate Governance Guidelines as a framework for Board governance over the affairs of the Company for the benefit of its shareholders.

1. Roles of Management and the Board

The Company’s officers and employees, under the direction of its Chief Executive Officer and the oversight of the Board, conduct the Company’s business with the goal of enhancing the long-term value of the Company for the benefit of its shareholders.  The Board is elected by the shareholders to oversee the management of the Company and to help assure that the interests of the shareholders are served.

2. Board Composition

Under the Company’s Articles of Association, the number of directors of the Company should not be less than 2 or more than 15, unless otherwise determined by the Board. Also, the Company is to have a staggered board comprised of three classes, with each class having, as nearly as possible, a number of directors equal to one-third of the total number of directors (subject to the rights of holders of any class of preferred stock which the Company may issue in the future). The Board currently believes that the optimal number of members of the Board is between 6 and 12.

Candidates for nomination or re-election to the Board will be identified by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and recommended to the Board for approval.

Each director should meet the qualifications for Board membership set forth in Paragraph 3 below.

A majority of the Board will consist of directors who are independent, as determined in accordance with the Corporate Governance Rules of The Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. and the associated interpretative materials.

3. Director Qualification

Candidates for nomination or re-election to the Board should possess the following qualifications, among others:

  • the highest level of personal and professional ethics, integrity and values;
  • expertise that is useful to the Company and complementary to the background and expertise of the other members of the Board;
  • a willingness and ability to devote the time necessary to carry out the duties and responsibilities of Board membership;
  • a desire to ensure that the Company’s operations and financial reporting are effected in a transparent manner and in compliance with applicable laws, rules and regulations; and
  • a dedication to the representation of the best interests of the Company and its shareholders.

4. Director Responsibilities

The business and affairs of the Company will be managed under the direction of the Board in accordance with applicable law. To promote the discharge of this responsibility and the efficient conduct of the Board’s business, the Board has developed a number of specific expectations of directors, as set forth below.

  • Commitment and Attendance: Directors should make every effort to attend, whether in person or telephonically, meetings of the Board and meetings of Board committees on which they serve. Directors are expected to review all materials provided at or in advance of meetings of the Board and its committees.
  • Participation in Meeting: Each director should be sufficiently familiar with the business of the Company and its subsidiaries to facilitate active and effective participation in the deliberations of the Board and of each committee on which he or she serves.
  • Ethics and Conflicts of Interest: The Company has adopted a Code of Conduct.  Directors are expected to be familiar with and to adhere to that Code, including, for example, its provisions governing conflicts of interest.  If a director has an actual or potential conflict of interest (which includes being a party to a proposed “related party transaction”[1]), the director should promptly inform the Chief Executive Officer and the Chair of the Audit Committee (or, if the Chair of the Audit Committee has the conflict, then the Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee).  Situations that may give rise to a conflict of interest should be discussed with the Company’s General Counsel in advance. Directors must inform the Board or the respective Board committee of any interest in a discussion or decision that involves or affects their personal, business or professional interests.  A committee of the Board comprised of all disinterested independent directors (or such other independent committee of the Board as the Board may designate from time to time) will resolve any conflict-of-interest issue involving a director. The Audit Committee (or such other independent committee of the Board as the Board may designate from time to time) will resolve any conflict-of-interest issue involving the Chief Executive Officer or any other executive officer of the Company. No related party transaction may be effected by the Company without the approval of the independent committee of the Board designated by the Board to resolve conflicts of interest. The Chief Executive Officer or a senior officer designated by the Chief Executive Officer will resolve any conflict of interest issue involving any other employee.
  • Other Relationships: The Company values the experience directors bring from their separate business endeavors and from other boards on which they serve. However, the Company recognizes that these commitments may also present demands on a director’s time and availability and may present conflicts, or potential conflicts, of interest. Directors should advise the Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee or General Counsel before accepting membership on other boards of directors or committees thereof or making changes in other significant commitments involving affiliations with other businesses, charitable organizations or governmental entities.
  • Confidentiality: The proceedings and deliberations of the Board and its committees are confidential.  Each director should maintain the confidentiality of information received in connection with his or her service as a director. Unless otherwise approved by the General Counsel, meetings, proceedings and deliberations of the Board are not permitted to be videoed, taped or otherwise electronically recorded.

[1] “Related party transaction” refers to any transaction which the Company would be required to disclose pursuant to Item 404 of Regulation S-K of the U.S. securities laws.

5. Presiding Director; Meetings of Independent Directors

The Board will have a Presiding Director to preside over private sessions of the independent directors. The role of Presiding Director may rotate annually (between annual meetings of shareholders) among the Chair of the Compensation Committee, Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and Audit Committee. The Presiding Director will discuss with the independent directors prior to each regularly scheduled Board meeting the need for a private session.  In any event, the independent directors will meet in private session at least twice each year.

6. Director Access to Management

Each director will have unabridged access to senior management and other employees of the Company in order to become and remain informed about the Company’s business and for any other purpose relevant to the fulfillment of the responsibilities of a member of the Board.

7. Retention of Advisors

The Board may engage the services of independent consultants or advisors, at the Company’s expense.

8. Director Compensation

The Board should annually review the form and amount of all types of compensation to be paid by the Company to or on behalf of members of the Board, including, without limitation, cash fees, equity incentives and contributions to charities at the behest of Board members. Board compensation should be customary, reasonable and competitive, as determined by the Board.  Directors who are employees of the Company will not receive additional compensation for service on the Board or any committee of the Board.  Such Directors may, however, have a portion of their base salary designated as being received for such directors’ service on the Board or any committee of the Board.

9. Non-Employee Director Equity Ownership Guidelines

Non-employee members of the Board are encouraged to have an appropriate level of equity ownership in the Company in order to align their economic interests with those of the other shareholders of the Company. As a guideline, each non-employee director should own equity securities of the Company equal in value to at least $100,000 within three years of first being elected or appointed to the Board.  Equity securities for this purpose include vested shares and share units that are deferred pursuant to any applicable deferred compensation plan and vested stock options and share appreciation rights. Vested stock options and share appreciation rights will be valued for this purpose at fifty percent (50%) of their intrinsic value.

10. Orientation of New Directors

The Board or the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee may develop and oversee an orientation program for new members of the Board.  The orientation program should provide new directors with comprehensive information about the Company’s business, performance, policies and procedures and the responsibilities and expectations of members of the Board.

11. Continuing Education

The Company may facilitate the participation of all Board members in continuing education programs, at the expense of the Company, that are relevant to the business and affairs of the Company and the fulfillment of the directors’ responsibilities as members of the Board.

12. Management Succession Planning

On behalf of the Board, the Succession Planning Committee will develop a succession plan for selecting a successor to the Chief Executive Officer, both in the event of an emergency and in the ordinary course of business. The succession planning should include an assessment of the experience, performance and skills of possible successors. The Board will endeavor to review the succession plan each calendar year and at least every two years.

13. Self-Evaluation

Each year, the Board will conduct a self-evaluation to determine whether it is functioning effectively. In connection with the annual self-evaluation, the Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will be responsible for seeking from each director his or her evaluation of the performance of the Board. The Board will discuss these evaluations and determine what, if any, action should be taken to improve its performance.

14. Flexibility

The Board believes that the policies and procedures described in these Corporate Governance Guidelines should remain flexible to facilitate the Board’s ability to respond to changing circumstances and conditions in fulfilling its responsibilities to the Company and its shareholders. Accordingly, the Board reserves the right to amend these Corporate Governance Guidelines or grant waivers hereunder, from time to time. Any such amendment or waiver will be disclosed if required by and in accordance with applicable securities laws and regulations and the Corporate Governance Rules of The Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc.